~ Chakra's & Meditation ~
According to East Indian philosophy, man possesses
seven major *Chakras* or psychic centers on his body. Each of these forms a bridge,
link, or energy transformer; changing pure (higher) energy into various forms, and
connecting the four bodies (ie. spiritual, mental, astral, and physical) together.
The chakras are located along the nadies (a network of psychic nerves or channels)
and follow the autonomic nervous system along the spinal cord.
Chakras correlate with major acupuncture points along the 'governing
vessel meridian' (acupuncture term). The seven major chakras are connected together
by three major nadies which are parallel and near each other. The middle nadi is
called *sushumna* and it has neutral characteristics. The nadi on the left (ie.
nearest your left hand) is the *ida* nadi which has yin characteristics. On the
other side of sushumna (nearest your right hand) is the *pingala* nadi, having yang
Chakras are visible to clairvoyant sight as varously
colored rotating circles or funnels. In the East they are described as petaled flowers
or lotuses. Sources disagree on the colors.
The first chakra, located at the base of the spine
at the perineum is the *root chakra*, muladhara. It primarily relates to the element
of earth and to psychic smell.
The second chakra, known as the *sacral center,
or sexual chakra*, svadhisthana, is located above and behind the genitals. Its dominant
element is water, and it is related to psychic taste.
Third of the chakras is the *solar plexus*, manipura,
located at the navel and corresponding with the emotions and with the element of
fire; also with psychic sight (clairvoyance).
The *heart chakra*, anahata, is the fourth chakra,
located over the heart and corresponding with the element of air, and also with
The fifth chakra is the *throat chakra*, vishuddha,
located at the base of the throat (thyroid) and corresponding with psychic hearing
The remaining two chakras are very important.
They relate mostly to elevated states of consciousness.
The *frontal chakra*, (or 'third eye') Ajna, the
sixth chakra, is located between, and slightly above, the eyebrows. Ajna
is the center of psychic powers and can produce many psychic effects. Meditation
on ajna is said to cure nervousness.
Finally, the *crown chakra*, sahasrara, located atop the head, (pineal
gland) is the seventh chakra. It is referred to as the thousand-petaled lotus and
corresponds with astral projection and enlightenment.
There are also many minor chakras throughout the body. Each chakra
has a sound (letter) and a pitch which is sometimes used to invoke it.
Some occultists prefer to describe the magical elements
as tattvas according to the Eastern system. Notice that these symbols and colors
are generally different than the western symbols and colors for the elements.
Yoga originated in India. It is a physical or
mental discipline designed to condition and invigorate the mind and body. There
are many kinds of yoga, but they may be generally divided into three main types...
Hatha yoga -- affect the mind through the body using physical exercises;
improve physical health and endurance.
Raja yoga -- affect the mind through mental training; improve concentration.
Mantra yoga -- affect the mind through chanting and affirmation; achieve
This is a much touted area of the occult. There are
many meditation techniques, and many claims made for the benefits of meditation.
Basicly, meditation has two functions -- relaxation, and perhaps, improved concentration.
There are two main types...
1) concentration meditation (focusing),
2) insight meditation (mindfullness).
Most kinds of meditation are the concentrative type.
One simply focuses his attention upon a single physical object (such as a candle
flame); upon a sensation (such as that felt while walking or breathing); upon an
emotion (such as reverence or love); upon a mantra spoken aloud or even silently;
or upon a visualization (as in chakra meditation, see below)...Concentration meditation
is, simply put, a form of self-hypnosis.
A mantra (or mantrum) is one or more words or syllables
which are repeated -- often chanted -- aloud...A simple yet powerful mantra is to
vibrate the mystical word 'OM'. This mantra has long been associated in India with
the godhead/unity. Use it to aid in tuning into universal vibrations which promote
feelings of harmony, peace, and well-being. Use it before magic ritual to 'get
into the mood' and afterward to 'dismiss the forces'. You vibrate a mantra by saying
it slowly aloud in a lower-pitched voice than your normal speech, and a more or
less constant pitch as well. Let the sound fade at the end of the mantra. A powerful
one such as 'OM' will seem to vibrate the air around you. It should be vocalized
for 5-10 seconds and repeated a number of times with a few seconds rest between
each vocalization. Chanting of mantras may cause slight dizziness from hyperventilation.
The other main type of meditaiton -- insight meditation
-- is the analysis of thoughts and feelings in such a way as to cause realization
of the subjectivity and illusion of experience. This is done in a effort to attain
trancendental awareness. Such statements as, 'This body is not me', fall under this
category. Buddhist meditations are usually of
There is a special type of concentrative meditation
which we will call 'Chakra meditation'. This is basicly Kundalini yoga -- the practice
of causing psychic energy (kundalini) to flow up sushumna, energizing the various
chakras along the way. The practice, considered dangerous by some, will produce
deffinite physiological sensations and psychological effects if continued long enough.
It should not be attempted by epileptics or persons with an unstable mental or physical
condition, or with heart disease. Certain drugs and medications, such as those used
to treat epilepsy may retard progress. Although the technique is very simple, it
may eventually produce powerful results.
Results may at first appear hours after the practice during sleep. As each chakra
is energized by this practice, it is said to add occult powers (sidhis), until at
last the crown chakra is reached, and with it, full enlightenment is attained. Sometimes
kundalini awakens all by itself.
To practice this chakra meditation, you simply concentrate
on the chakras, beginning with the root chakra, and moving progressively up, as
you visualize psychic energy from the root chakra traveling up shushumna and vivifying
each higher chakra. As we mentioned the chakras have certain properties associated
with them, so that
this type of visualization may 'raise consciousness', promote astral projection,
and other things -- once you have reached ajna and eventually the crown chakra.
You might typically meditate in this fashion for 15 minutes to a half hour a day.
It might help to practice some hatha yoga or other physical exercise in an effort
to make the spinal cord
'more flexible'. Diet may also affect the process. The technique is also similar
to the Tibetan 'Tummo' meditation. The rise of kundalini is sometimes experienced
as a 'vibration' or buzzing, as light, or as heat.
HEALTH AND DIET
Certainly the way you treat your physical body
will affect your mind. In magic you want an alert mind. Therefore, your body must
be as healthy as you can keep it. Take care of your body. Exercise regularly. eat
a good diet (with vitamin supplements), and do not consume anything which will have
a negative effect upon the mind. Drugs,
smoking,, and alcohol should be restricted, or eliminated. (The mind can create
any condition which a drug can create.) A good rule here is moderation in what and
how much you consume. (Most of this stuff is pretty obvious isn't it.) You may also
want to cut down on sugar and processed foods. Many occultists advise dietary changes,
expecially the non-eating of meat. We cannot deny the physical, psychological, and
spiritual effect which all foods have. This effect may be described as the 'heaviness'
factor of foods. Various foods are so ranked in the chart, lighter to heavier...
1. lettuce and other greens.
2. fruits and most vegetables.
3. wheat, rice, and other grains.
4. nuts, beans, and other legumes.
5. cheese, dairy products, including eggs.
6. fish, seafood.
7. chicken, poultry.
8. beef, pork, other red meats.
Note that meats, especially red meats are the
'heaviest' foods. Generally, foods which are harder to digest, or which are higher
in protein are 'heavier' than those which are not. Animal products are heavier than
plants. Foods high in carbohydrate (candy, bread, starch) are heavy. However, the
'heaviness' of foods is not directly related to
the amount of caleries.
What this means is that for various reasons, the
heaviness of food in your diet will affect your magical experiences. You may be
able to increase your psychic receptivity ('energy level') by eating lighter foods,
or by eating less. Conversely, emphasizing heavy foods in your diet, or eating larger
helpings, may help to 'bring you down to earth'
should you 'rent the veil' too much. These are generalizations, of course, and it
may take a number of days of dietary change before you notice much effect. I do
not advocate radical dietary changes, excessive fasting, or malnutrition. Your good
health is far more important in magic than any temporary effect you get from prolonged
starvation. A change in diet will sometimes only produce a temporary effect, until
the physical body adapts to the change. Healthy natural foods and lifestyle make
it easier for us to be healthy, but ultimately, good health is a mentual quality
THE FOUR-FOLD BREATH
With physical exercise too, moderation is advised. (You should be
cautious, or not attempt it if you have a respiratory or heart condition. Check
with your physician if in doubt, and don't overdo.) One of the most useful physical
exercises is pranayama, or controlled breathing (actually a type of hatha yoga exercise).
For this and any
other calesthentics or hatha yoga which you might choose to do a 'kitchen timer'
is suggested (many of these aren't accurate for under three minutes, but are helpful
for longer periods).
The main purpose of pranayama is to relax the body and mind. There
are many kinds of pranayama, but a simple one called the 'four-fold breath' will
suffice. This consists of four short quick inhallations, then four short quick exhallations;
then repeat, continuing until the allotted time is used up. It will take about 1
1/2 seconds for the four
inhallations, and about 1 1/2 seconds for the four exhallations; or about 3 seconds
for the complete in-out cycle ('rep' for repetition). There should be no strain
of any kind during your pranayama. You will probably notice a slight dizziness,
particularly at first, since the effect of pranayama is to hyperventilate. Try sitting
back in a chair with
your eyes closed when you do your pranayama. Begin a minute a day for the first
week and gradually increase up to about five minutes a day. If you do the pranayama
befor your magical activity, it will help you to get 'into the mood'. It is also
an excellent aid to relaxation and tension release. Pranayama should not be done
during heavy air
pollution. Other exercises you might consider are hatha yoga, calesthentics, walking
1) What is a chakra? List them.
2) Name the three major nadies. Which nadi is hot?
3) What is pranayama?
Arthur Diekman, The Observing Self. W.Y.
Evans-Wentz, Tibetan Yoga and Secret Doctrines. Sandra Gibson,
Beyond the Mind. King and Skinner, Techniques of High Magic.
Swami Sivananda, Kundalini Yoga. John Woodroffe (pseud. for Arthur Avalon), The
Copyright (c) 1988 by Phil Hansford. This article is is licenced for
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